Equity

Are you wasting your time? (The Age Clock Concept: In Time with your Lifespan)

We are continuously developing throughout the time of our lifespan and most of us will go through the same system or already established foundation as a child.

I strongly believe however that once we enter into the phase called adulthood, these changes become less predictable and based on the choices we make, the outcomes are more diverse.

In Time

As an adult the major markers in life are closely linked to personal, social and cultural forces or events that take place.
Unfortunately, there are events or crisis in life which were never planned for and this often alter the decisions that we make going forward.

In most cultures the most popular milestones are starting a job or career, getting married, or having a child. Please note however that not all adults progress along the same common path or structure according to “one big common plan”.

Some people marry very young and others do not marry at all. Some young adults have few options and are forced to begin jobs and become independent immediately after high school, while others have the luxury of continuing their education until they have attained their Ph.D., DSc, LP.D., Ed,D. Psy.D or M.D. just to name a few.

Some people may have several children at a young age while others may make a conscious decision to wait until their 30’s or 40’s to have children. Some adults may want children but regrettably cannot have children or perhaps due to their careers in life, they decide not to have children at all.

Despite the various lifestyle choices, we make as adults, there is a form of internal timing that we each use as a measure of our adult development.

In Time

Henry Hamilton has over a century (100 years) on his age clock and in the movie, it is said that he was worth thousands of years.

According to my research, the concept of the age clock is often relied upon to identify the different stages of our adult development.

Age clocks lets us know when certain events in life should occur, relative to standards considered typical of the culture in which the person resides.


If important life events or milestones happen too early or later than expected, some people may experience distress or what we can refer to as a “crisis” and based on what that event is, they may not receive the typical peer support when such developments are normally accomplished.

Biologically, a young woman normally cannot conceive after menopause; and if you think about it, psychologically a young adult might not be prepared to handle the stress and constant pressure of a complex and high-level job.
I firmly believe it’s a fine balance all adults must create in order to shape their lives according to their lifespan.

Speaking of lifespan, the most significant historical change affecting the life course of many people is the increasing length of their lifespan.

For example, perhaps in the 1900’s only about 13% of people were expected to reach 80 or older, now more and more people are expected to reach that age. These developments and others like it have changed how we now define our age clocks and how each culture has adjusted the responsibilities most people are likely to encounter at various points in their adult lifespan.

In the Bible, we have an example of Adam’s family age clock and the written account of his family line in the book of Genesis, Chapter 5.

1. When God created mankind, he made them in the likeness of God.

2. He created them male and female and blessed them. And he named them “Mankind” when they were created.

3. When Adam had lived 130 years, he had a son in his own likeness, in his own image; and he named him Seth.

4. After Seth was born, Adam lived 800 years and had other sons and daughters

5. Although, Adam lived a total of 930 years, and then he died.

Further on in the same chapter between verses 21 to 27 we have an account of the oldest man in the bible.

21 When Enoch had lived 65 years, he became the father of Methuselah.

22 After he became the father of Methuselah. Enoch walked faithfully with God 300 years and had other sons and daughters.

23 Altogether, Enoch lived a total of 365 years.

24 Enoch walked faithfully with God; then he was no more, because God took him away.

25 When Methuselah had lived 187 years, he became the father of Lamech.

26 After he became the father of Lamech, Methuselah lived 782 years and had other sons and daughters.

27 Altogether, Methuselah lived a total of 969 years, and then he died.

Wow! I wonder what the environment was like back then? What did the air smell like? What did the food taste like? What were their lifestyles like in order to preserve and extend their lifespan?

As fascinated as I am by the fantasy of such an extended lifespan, I take heed to what the Apostle Paul said in the bible, in 1 Corinthians, Chapter 3 verses 18 and 19,

18 Do not deceive yourselves. If any of you think you are wise by the standards of this age, you should become “fools” so that you may become wise.

19 For the wisdom of this world is foolishness in God’s sight. As it is written: “He catches the wise in their craftiness”.

The Apostle Paul writes that this new world in its present form is passing away, but that the Corinthians can give themselves fully to the work of the Lord since their labor is not in vain.

He gave us practical advice and great insight as we each seek to take up our roles in the world today.

1 Corinthians 1:19,

19 For it is written: “I will destroy the wisdom of the wise; the intelligence of the intelligent I will frustrate”.

And the Bible continues from verses 20 to 25 to state:

20 Where is the wise person? Where is the teacher of the law? Where is the philosopher of this age? Has not God made foolish the wisdom of the world?

21 For since in the wisdom of God the world through its wisdom did not know him, God was pleased through the foolishness of what was preached to save those who believe.

22 Jews demand signs and Greeks look for wisdom,

23 But we preach Christ crucified: a stumbling block to Jews and foolishness to Gentiles,

24 But to those whom God has called, both Jews and Greek, Christ the power of God and the wisdom of God.

25 For the foolishness of God is wiser than human wisdom, and the weakness of God is stronger than human strength.

Romans 1:16, “For I am not ashamed of the gospel, because it is the power of God that brings salvation to everyone who believes: first to the Jew, then to the Gentile”.

26 Brothers and sisters, think of what you were when you were called. Not many of you were wise by human standards; not many were influential; not many were of noble birth.

27 But God chose the foolish things of the world to shame the wise; God chose the weak things of the world to shame the strong.

28 God choose the lowly things of this world and the despised things- and the things that are not- to nullify the things that are,

29 So that no one may boast before him.

30 It is because of him that you are in Christ Jesus, who has become for us wisdom from God-that is, our righteousness, holiness and redemption.

31 Therefore, as it is written: “Let the one who boasts, boast in the Lord”.

So, as we each continue to age or grow older, I believe its important and certainly relevant to create a Professional Portfolio.

The concept of portfolios comes from professions in which the portfolios are used to showcase examples of work or art to prospective clients and employers.

I believe professionals and students alike should be taught how to prepare a portfolio, were they are guided in the selection of materials to be included, they are taught how to recognize the types of capabilities sought by prospective clients and employers and they are shown how to select their best work to illustrate each of their capabilities.

Professional portfolios play a collective or cumulative role and when structured appropriately requires no additional time to be associated with the creation of new products.

In this new technologically advance age, we have become a global society with a global culture and instant communication is now the “new normal”.

In developed countries, knowledge no longer needs to be passed on the traditional way from parent to child, or older adult to an upcoming younger trainee.

Instead, we now have the internet or world wide web- which is changing our work life, making communications between cultures more effective and assisting greatly with trade, business and commerce on a global scale.

Global technology has now provided the necessary bridge to cultural and economic development. Many young adults have been able to make the leap from developing countries to other developing countries through the use of online education and online research of all types.

How do you think computers are affecting the course of our lifespan development? Do you think we have become too dependent and therefore have more time to waste? Or perhaps it’s created more time for social bonding?

I fervently believe however, that whatever your perspective may be, the major milestones in our life are closely linked to the personal, social and cultural choices we make as we move forward in life.

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Cayman Islands Chamber of Commerce

Performances of Understanding-Where do you call home? (Are you an Asset or a Liability?)

The presence of people originating from other cultures, faiths and backgrounds has technically become what I would constitute as performances of understanding.

Understanding is definitely required to live within this beautiful country and has become “one of” if not “the most” central pillars or main feature of the Cayman Islands, which many people now call home.

Cayman Islands Chamber of Commerce

Cayman Islands Chamber of Commerce

It has essentially created the very essence of who the Caymanian people will become in the very near future.

As our children continue to grow and flourish, we need to ask ourselves these questions:

• How can we as a multicultural society respond to diversity. See my previous article: Hello World! Are you there? The importance of communication in a Multicultural World

• How can we as a nation, known famously for our kindness, discuss and counteract issues of discrimination and biases in relation to gender, ethnicity and class?

• How can we as older students, teachers, politicians, preachers and every other kind of leader or world-changer facilitate the needs of our vulnerable young men and women and elevate their academic performances irrespective of their class, ethnicity or gender?

• How can we as a community become champions in this great cause, known simply as “Education”, when we consider each of our school’s policies and classroom procedures?

The Yello Cayman Team has true visionaries, who see the next Premier of the Cayman Islands in 2050, as one of the many gifted and talented children sitting in our classrooms today and I agree!

With that in mind, you will notice that they have taken pride in celebrating education in their 2018 directory. Perhaps, some of the questions I stated previously can be found within their pages as they have meticulously tried to define what it means to be a teacher.

I also noticed that they have painstakingly ensured that they have showcased all youth associations and businesses who are generously investing in education and even reported a few personal interviews to widen their sphere of influence.

Yes, I can truly say they are a testament to the furtherance of education and providing useful and effective information for the community’s enhancement.

However, they can’t do it alone and they should not be the only corporation vigorously trying to create a better, brighter and more robust future for the children of the Cayman Islands and by extension all the children around the world.

I have come to realize that in order to promote and create equity ($$$) in an educational context and provide dividends; teachers need to ‘understand’ how their students learn and how this is affected by their physical, intellectual, linguistic, social, cultural and emotional development.

Source: Department for Education and Skills (DfES), Research Publications or online at: http://www.dfes.gov.uk/research (accessed 9 September 2004).
The research section of the DfES website also hosts a wealth of information that will help you to consider student diversity. The Youth Cohort Study (DfEE 1999c), can be accessed through the lists of selected keywords and offers longitudinal data collected over a number of years.

Biblical examples of Performances of Understanding

Also, most recently I located verses in the bible which once again, demonstrates the importance of understanding from a biblical perspective:

1 Corinthians 14:13

13  For this reason the one who speaks in a tongue should pray that they may interpret what they say.

14  For if I pray in a tongue, my spirit prays, but my mind is unfruitful.

15  So what shall I do? I will pray with my spirit, but I will also pray with my understanding; I will sing with my spirit, but I will also sing with my understanding.

16  Otherwise when you are praising God in the Spirit, how can someone else, who is now put in the position of an inquirer, say “Amen” to your thanksgiving, since they do not know what you are saying?

17  You are giving thanks well enough, but no one else is edified.

18  I thank God that I speak in tongues more than all of you.

19  But in the church, I would rather speak five intelligible words to instruct others than ten thousand words in a tongue.

20  Brothers and sisters, stop thinking like children. In regard to evil be infants, but in your thinking be adults.

21  In the Law it is written:

“With other tongues and through the lips of foreigners I will speak to this people, but even then, they will not listen to me, says the Lord.”

22  Tongues, then, are a sign, not for believers but for unbelievers; prophecy, however, is not for unbelievers but for believers.

23  So if the whole church comes together and everyone speaks in tongues, and inquirers or unbelievers come in, will they not say that you are out of your mind?

24  But if an unbeliever or an inquirer comes in while everyone is prophesying, they are convicted of sin and are brought under judgement by all,

25  as the secrets of their hearts are laid bare. So, they will fall down and worship God, exclaiming, “God is really among you!”

Wow, I love my bible! There is always something useful and practical for everyday living.

So, as I continue my exciting quest of providing, what I hope is being considered useful information to the world, I must confess that it is obviously evident that within our everyday life what we encounter as adults is essentially what was taught to us in school.

See my previous article: Night School/ Day School – The Power of AAA Dow Jones Performances: Aptitude, Ability and Ambition

Night School

Night School

Think about it!

Undeniably, when we look at what students are learning today in statistics, mathematics, psychology, literature, history, science, art, music etc.

It can all be applied and perhaps already is instinctively applied to everyday living.

See my previous article of The Intelligent Person which also adds more perspective.

According to Howard Gardner, John H. and Elisabeth A. Hobbs Professor in Cognition and Education at the Harvard Graduate School of Education, this is what makes someone a credible candidate for understanding in several disciplines:

• A student of physics should be able to explain the actions of objects and phenomena that they encounter in their everyday world, as well as do demonstrations staged for various purposes within the physics laboratory.

Nuclear Formula

Nuclear Formula

o Such performance may include correctly employing a formula that explains the relation between two variables etc.

• A student of mathematics should be able to measure relevant quantities in their lives, make plausible investments for the short term and the long term and also understand the principles of mortgages and insurance.

o Such performances may include a student opening a savings account and monitoring the fees applied or interest applied based on the activity of the account over a period of time.

I strongly believe we should start teaching our kids about money. ​

I was doing my usual reading of The Journal and an article by Alessandro Sax also stated that we should start young. ​ He said that with most skills, the earlier in life you are taught the more it becomes second nature.

A child’s foundation of money begins to develop as early as three years old, with studies suggesting that kids’ money habits are already formed by age seven. Knowing this, he believes that parents should take advantage of the everyday teachable money moments. ​

There’s more information on this particular subject at: www.journal.ky/2018/04/04/teaching-the-next-generation-about-money/

• A student of history should be able to read a daily newspaper or weekly newsmagazine and draw on relevant historical principles both to explain what is happening and to make plausible predictions about what is likely to happen next.

o Such performances may include a student being able to explain Caymanian history to someone ignorant of the sweet old days and illustrate the comparison between then and now.

• A student of literature and the arts should be able to create at least simple works in relevant genres, understand and appreciate the qualities of works from their own cultures and others, and relate these works to their own lives and concerns.

o Such performances may include a student creating a Jamaican song along with the relevant dance moves, or a painting illustrating the rich cultural landscape of South Africa

• A student of Innovation or Creativity should be able solve problems, create products or raise issues in a domain that is initially novel but is eventually accepted in one or more cultural setting.

 

Performances of Understanding, Managing Innovation

Managing Innovation

Night School

Night School

o Such performances may include a student knowing the basics of creating a website like the following: www.teneishajohnson-dream.com or

o Creating standard blogs like the following: https://teneishajohnsondream.wordpress.com and

o Creative artwork for a charitable cause.

Handmade with Love, Performances of Understanding

Handmade with Love

Cayman Islands Cancer Society

Cayman Islands Cancer Society

Handmade with Love

Handmade with Love

Handmade with Love

Handmade with Love

See follow link: https://www.teneishajohnson-dream.com/hello-do-what-you-love-creat8

These are just a few examples products that can be created while displaying creativity and skill all at the same time.

He further goes to suggest that it is clear that understandings can be apprehended and appreciated only if the are performed by a student.

David Olson of the University of Toronto has also emphasized the importance of mastering different mediums (i.e. computers and all the different types of technology and tools used for communication) or symbol systems (like written or graphic materials).

He believes and I also strongly believe that being able to master the use of such instruments is a skill in and of itself.

Psychologist Gavriel Salomon and Roy Pea, both experts on technology and education, have also noted that the vast extent to which a person may illustrate intelligence or as my main theme implies, ‘performances of understanding’ has a lot to do with the instruments or technology applied.

Simply by the use of or having access to a rang of resources like pencils, papers, libraries, newspapers, radios, television, computer networks etc., a person is better able to distribute their thoughts rather than have it concentrated in their head.

I was pleased to read in the Cayman Compass that the Cayman Islands Chamber of Commerce (www.caymanchamber.ky) President Paul Byles will continue to push for bridging the gap between the classroom and the workplace.

He stressed that the chamber would be working to make students more aware of the vocational and technical trade opportunities available in Cayman.

I can honestly say that I have been aware of the Chamber Career Expo, the most recent Careers Guide 2018 booklet and the Chamber of Commerce Professional Development & Training Centre.

I was also genuinely pleased to hear about wonderful progress being made at the Cayman Islands Further Education Centre (CIFEC).

Cayman Islands Further Education Centre

CIFEC

 

Yello 2018 Cover Design

CIFEC Art & Design student Shanique Frater was the proud winner of the YELLO 2018 cover design!

It should be noted that this school is not just a school for students to have the opportunity to re-sit certain external exams which they may not have passed.

This school offers so much more!

The Cayman Islands Further Education Centre offers a variety of certificate and diploma programs, in such areas as art and design, media, health, beauty therapy, hospitality, motor vehicle repair, child care and development and also business.

It also offers work-readiness training. Perfect for my “Performances of Understanding Theory!”

We need to continue to think of ways to strengthen apprenticeship learning and engaging students in all types of projects and educational environments from home to school to the workplace and beyond!

Night School

Night School-Day School: The Power of AAA Dow Jones Performances (Aptitude + Ability + Ambition)

We all were young once. Many of us still feel that way even though our bodies have a different interpretation.

Night School

I believe education or schooling, whether its Night School or Day School, is important for everyone and the extent of schooling in any society is tied to its level of economic development.

According to my most recent studies, the word school is from a Greek root word that means “leisure”.

In ancient Greece, famous teachers such as Socrates, Aristotle and Plato taught aristocratic, upper-class men who had plenty of spare time.

Plato (429-347 BC) was born in fifth-century Athens to a wealthy family. As a young Athenian of his station, he was expected to pursue politics and such worthy matters.

Instead Plato decided to follow the path of his mentor, Socrates (470-399 BC) and became a philosopher. In ancient times Athens was home to some of the most extraordinary accomplishments of philosophy, art, and science in human history. Plato was born in a time known as the city’s “Golden Age” in the fifth century BC.

I’m delighted to also suggest a movie I’ve watched years ago which I thought was magnificently created to depict what life must have been like during that time. Even though the emphasis was placed on Sparta, which was a small city in the rugged mountains of southern Greece and was feared for its military might, we are still able to see the connection to their neighbors in Athens.

Leonidas (GERARD BUTLER) bids farewell to his son Pleistarchos (GIOVANI ANTONIO CIMMINO) and wife Gorgo (LENA HEADEY) as the 300 begin their march north in Warner Bros. Pictures’, Legendary Pictures’ and Virtual Studios’ action drama “300,” distributed by Warner Bros. Pictures.
PHOTOGRAPHS TO BE — USED SOLELY FOR ADVERTISING, PROMOTION, PUBLICITY OR REVIEWS OF THIS SPECIFIC MOTION PICTURE AND TO REMAIN THE PROPERTY OF THE STUDIO. NOT FOR SALE OR REDISTRIBUTION

Based on evidence of the past and clear and continuous events experienced in the present, it has now been widely perceived that both politics and religion are still the most heated topics and note-worthy matters in our society today. Many cultures around the world and their people are passionate about these topics.

The same has been reported to be true in ancient China, where famous philosopher Confucius (K’ung Fu-tzu) was known to have only shared his wisdom with a privileged few.

Speaking of China, guess what I found out? The Musuo is a very small society in China’s Yunnan province, in which women control most property, select their sexual partners, and make most decisions about everyday life.

The Musuo appear to be operating with the Matriarchy (“rule of mothers”) type of system. This is a form of social organization in which females dominate males and have only rarely been documented in human history.

I’ve mentioned that interesting fact only because further on I will explain what Patriarchy (“rule of fathers”) is all about and how that has affected equality in our world today.

However, I strongly and passionately believe that neither one of these systems should be the standard or the social-norm in our world today.

Did you know that the limited schooling that takes place in lower-income countries reflects the national culture? The way that country is view by the rest of the world?

In Iran, for example, schooling is closely tied to Islam. Similarly, schooling in Bangladesh (Asia), Zimbabwe (Africa), and Nicaragua (Latin America) has been shaped by the distinctive cultural traditions of these nations.

Unfortunately, all lower-income countries have one trait in common when it comes to schooling. There is not much of it.

Here are the facts- According to World Bank 2011, In the world’s poorest nations (including several in Central America), about one-fourth of all children never get to go to school.

Another fact- World-wide, more than one-third of all children never reach the secondary grades or high school. As a result, about one-sixth of the world’s people cannot read or write. Research shows that reading and writing skills are widespread in high-income countries, where illiteracy rates generally are below 5 percent.

I’ve also learnt that in much of Latin America, illiteracy is unfortunately more common and one of the consequences are due to limited economic development.

Statistics also shows that in twelve nations-most of them in Africa- illiteracy is the rule rather than the exception. Many of their people rely on the oral tradition of face-to-face communication rather than the written word.

So, based on what you’ve read and after scrutinizing the above world map, do you agree or disagree and how can we help each other raise our standards?

However, saying all of that, you know what I have come to realize- its even greater odds to be educated if you’re a girl in certain countries. Many poor families depend on the earnings of their children, and in places like India where child labor has already been outlawed, many children still continue to work in factories-weaving rugs or making hand-crafted items which limits their opportunities for any time or kind of education.

Patriarchy (rule of fathers) is a form of social organization in which males dominate females and is found almost everywhere in the world. This type of system shapes Indian education and most Indians parents are joyful at the birth of a boy because he and his future wife will both contribute income to the family.

Whereas it is seen as an economic cost to raising a girl. In their culture, parents must provide a dowry (a gift of wealth to the groom’s family) and after her marriage, a daughter’s work only benefits her husband’s family. Therefore, many Indians see less reason to invest in the schooling of girls.

Did you also know that education has not always been part of the way of life for the Japanese? Before industrialization brought mandatory education in 1872, only a privileged few attended schools.

Now, Japan is a force to be reckoned with and its educational system is widely praised for producing some of the world’s highest achievers! Results continue to show that Japanese schooling continue to produce impressive results and in many notable fields such as mathematics and science, Japanese students continue to outperform students in almost every other high-income nation, including the United States. Wow!

I hope they make time for a love life eventually or there won’t be many of them left. Lol!

In Great Britain during the Middle Ages, education was a privilege of the British Nobility, who studied classical subjects, having little concern at the time for the practical skills necessary and needed to earn a living.

However, as the Industrial Revolution came around it became evident that there was a need for an educated labor force, and as working-class people demanded access to schools, a rising share of the population entered the classroom. British law now requires every child to attend school until the age of sixteen. I like that!

Now we can’t forget the United States in this article- after all they were among the first countries to set a goal of mass education for their people. Studies show that by 1850, about half of the young people between the ages of five and nineteen were enrolled in school (1 Thessalonians 5:19, “Do not quench the Spirit”). We still need the bible in our schools!

And by 1918, all states had passed a mandatory education law requiring children to attend school until the age of sixteen or completion of eight grade.

1 Thessalonians 5: 1-24 (The Day of the Lord) says,

5  Now, brothers and sisters, about times and dates we do not need to write to you, 2  for you know very well that the day of the Lord will come like a thief in the night. 3  While people are saying, “Peace and safety,” destruction will come on them suddenly, as labor pains on a pregnant woman, and they will not escape.

4  But you, brother and sisters, are not in darkness so that this day should surprise you like a thief. 5  You are all children of the light and children of the day. We do not belong to the night or to the darkness. 6  So then, let us not be like others, who are asleep, but let us be awake and sober. 7  For those who sleep, sleep at night, and those who get drunk, get drunk at night. 8  But since we belong to the day, let us be sober, putting on faith and love as a breastplate, and the hope of salvation as a helmet (Kind of like a Spartan Soldier).

9  For God did not appoint us to suffer wrath but to receive salvation through our Lord Jesus Christ. 10  He died for us so that, whether we are awake or asleep, we may live together with him. 11  Therefore encourage one another and build each other up, just as in fact you are doing.

12  Now we ask you, brothers and sisters, to acknowledge those who work hard among you, who care for you in the Lord and who admonish you. 13  Hold them in the highest regard in love because of their work. Live in peace with each other. 14  And we urge you, brothers and sisters, warn those who are idle and disruptive, encourage the disheartened, help the weak, be patient with everyone.

15  Make sure that nobody pays back wrong for wrong, but always strive to do what is good for each other and for everyone else. 16  Rejoice always, 17  pray continually, 18  give thanks in all circumstances; for this is God’s will for you in Christ Jesus.

19  Do not quench the Spirit. 20  Do not treat prophecies with contempt 21  but test them all; hold on to what is good,

 
22  reject every kind of evil. 23  May God himself, the God of peace, sanctify you through and through. May your whole spirit, soul and body be kept blameless at the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ. 24  The one who calls you is faithful, and he will do it.

The United States history states that Thomas Jefferson thought the new nation could become democratic only if the people learned to read. Today, the United States has an outstanding record of higher education for its people.

Education is constantly being promoted in the United States and nearly all American’s dream of higher education and equal opportunities. National surveys show that most people think education is crucial to personal success, and more and more people are starting to believe the dream!

Everyone should have a chance to get an education, and it would be wonderful to receive one that is in line with the personal ability and talent of that individual. Oh, what a dream that would be! But we all know that is everyone’s dream around the world but not the actual reality.

Many of the countries that I have mentioned above and others that were not mention but are definitely in the mix; realize the significance of education and its crucial importance to their economic development and increased equality.

So, what’s makes schools, colleges or universities so important? There are several variables. Well, number one’s pretty easy. It’s a good place to meet new people and interact.

Now please understand, everyone is different, and some people may require or function more effectively in a different environment. We are all not the same.

However, according to the definition of Sociology, which is the systematic study of the human society and the world around us, I can see such compounds as a great place to mix and mingle.

Second variable in the equation is that schools help to or at least they should help to identify and measure a child’s intelligence or aptitude. See my previous article called: An aptitude simply to Live

Alfred Binet was a psychologist who was commissioned by the French Government to devise an objective method for identifying children who were not doing well in school. He designed the first comprehensive intelligence test in the early 20th century. Then later on in 1916, Lewis Terman and his colleagues at Stanford University revised Binet’s test for use in the United States, resulting in the administered test gaining wide acceptance during the 1940s and 1950s.

From there, the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale was introduced and is still widely used. (Fourth Edition SB-IV).

I was also intrigued to find out that as time progressed test researchers developed a formula for expressing a child’s intellectual level that made it possible to compare children of different chronological ages (CA), which apparently are expressed in how old in years and months the children are.

This measurement was called the intelligence quotient (IQ) and is defined as follows:
IQ = MA/CA X 100

The computation of IQ made it possible to understand how a child’s intellectual ability compared to that of peers of the same chronological age.

However, there were problems with this ratio approach to IQ and now IQ is assessed using the deviation IQ approach. This approach assigns an IQ score by comparing an individual’s test score with the scores of other people of the same age range. David Wechsler (Wechester, 1974) is primarily known for developing this technique and was applied to IQ tests that both he and his colleagues developed.

The test for early childhood is the Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence, or WPPSI.

The test for childhood and adolescence is the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children or WISC and the test for adulthood is the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale or WAIS (“wace”).

An individual who takes any of these tests obtains a score that is compared statically to the scores of other people of the same age. The Wechsler IQ test is widely used although there are many other intelligence tests being used.

IQ is assumed to be normally distributed around an average score of 100, with about 2/3 of the general population scoring between 85 and 115 and almost 96% of the population scoring between 70 and 130. That leaves roughly 2% of the population scoring below 70 and another 2% scoring above 130, which is a popular cutoff point for defining giftedness.

However as much as we admire or perhaps despise the gifted, we can not and most not leave behind those who need us the most. Many children with disabilities around the world have either been hidden out of shame, misunderstood or mistreated.

Nevertheless, in the United States of America, the passing of the 1997 Amendments to the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA-97), the reauthorization of this act in 2004 (IDEA-04), and the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act in 2002, we can safely say that they are making considerable steps to the needs of their most vulnerable citizens.

Within the Cayman Islands, the Government and the general population has also been working diligently to make improvements were necessary in this regard and I strongly believe this will only facilitate more unity, hope and ambition for the people of the Cayman Islands.

Remember , Influence should never have to stop with our generation or a person’s disability.